23 Aug, 21

Understanding Male Infertility, Its causes & how to counteract it

Male infertility is a rising global problem with a steady decline in male semen quality among men living in Africa, Europe, North American, and Asia. Declining semen quality is a major contributor to infertility. Studies have suggested that different factors, such as exposure to pesticides, industrial chemicals, heavy metals, obesity, alcoholism, tobacco smoking, sedentary lifestyles, poor nutrient intake, oxidative stress, physiological factors & genetic factors can influence male fertility.

So what are possible reasons for infertility in men?

Erectile dysfunction: Also known as impotence, erectile dysfunction is known to affect about a quarter (26%) of men under the age of 40.

Low sperm count: An important aspect of semen quality is the number or concentration of sperm cells in a given amount of semen. With a lesser count, the chances of conceiving diminish significantly.

Sperm motility: An essential function of healthy sperm cells is their ability to swim. Sperm motility is measured as the percentage of moving sperm cells in a sample of semen.

Testosterone levels: Low levels of testosterone, the male sex hormone, may be responsible for infertility in some men.

Though male fertility depends upon a lot of factors including age & lifestyle, certain measures can be taken to improve the fertility health.

Get enough exercise and sleep

Several studies have suggested that weight loss and exercise among people with overweight or obesity can lead to an improved or increased sperm count. However, the science linking a healthy body mass index (BMI) to a healthy sperm count is still weak.

However, one 2017 study Trusted Source examined the benefits of performing a 16 week aerobic exercise program of at least three 50-minute sessions per week.

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