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Overview

Cardiology is a branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the heart as well the circulatory system.

At ZIVANZA, you will have the opportunity to interact with established and leading cardiologists, regarding the entire spectrum of cardiovascular disorders that includes:

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Heart diseases include:

  • Blood vessel disease, such as coronary artery disease
  • Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
  • Heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)
  • Heart valve disease
  • Disease of the heart muscle
  • Heart infection

Symptoms

Heart disease symptoms depend on what type of heart disease you have.

Symptoms of heart disease in your blood vessels

A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.

Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue.

Also, chest pain as a symptom might not occur in every patient. Some may display symptoms of indigestion or exercise intolerance where they cannot perform activities that they normally once could.

Causes

The causes of cardiovascular diseases may range from:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Unhealthy weight
  • Smoking
  • Excess use of alcohol
  • Stress
  • Recreational drug use
  • Birth control or hormone replacement therapy

 

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